When cancer spreads at a distance from its original organ, or in order to stop its evolution, general treatments (= systemic) can be proposed: chemotherapy, hormonotherapy, targeted treatments, anti-angiogenic treatments and immunotherapy. A better knowledge of the biology of cancers in general and of the patient’s in particular, make it possible to indicate, with precision, the best therapy. Therapeutic innovations are numerous in this area of constant progress:
Today, two main types of treatment are used in cancerology, « chemotherapy » and « targeted therapies ». A third, more recent and full of promise, is « immunotherapy ».
Constant progress is being made thanks to fundamental research and its application to clinical research.